Chennai Mathematical Institute


2:00 pm - 3:15 pm, Seminar Hall
Understanding Sea Ice Melting via Functional Data Analysis

Purba Das
Chennai Mathematical Institute.


In this article, we considered the problem of sea ice cover is melting. Considering the ‘satellite passive microwave remote sensing data’ as functional data, we studied daily observation of sea ice cover of each year as a smooth continuous function of time. We investigated the mean function for the sea ice area for following decades and computed the corresponding 95% bootstrap confidence interval for the both Arctic and Antarctic Oceans. We found the mean function for the sea ice area dropped statistically significantly in recent decades for the Arctic Ocean. However, no such statistical evidence was found for the Antarctic ocean. Essentially, the mean function for sea ice area in the Antarctic Ocean is unchanged. Additional evidence of the melting of sea ice area in the Arctic Ocean is provided by three types of phase curve (namely, Area vs. Velocity, Area vs. Acceleration, and Velocity Vs. Acceleration). In the Arctic Ocean, during the summer, the current decades is observing the size of the sea ice area about 30% less, than what it used to be during the first decade. In this article, we have taken a distribution-free approach for our analysis, except the data generating process, belongs to the Hilbert space.

This is a joint work with Ananya Lahiri and Sourish Das.